Medicine has been involved
in the diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of mental illness and
emotional problems. Due to their medical training, the psychiatrist
understands the body’s functions and the complex relationship
between emotional illness and other medical illness. Thus the psychiatrist
is the mental health professional and physician, best qualified
to distinguish between physical and psychological causes of both
psychological and physical distress.
The medical specialty of psychological medicine,
utilizes research in the field of neurosciences, psychology, medicine,
biology, biochemistry and pharmacology. It has hence been considered
a middle ground between neurology and psychology. Unlike other physicians
and neurologists, specialists in psychological medicine have added
expertise, to varying extents in the use of psychotherapy and other
therapeutic communication techniques.
Psychological Health of Human Capital
in Organisations can be impacted by the work place and
beyond. Poor psychological health, results in poor outcomes to the
bottom line of both the human capital and the organisation. The
studies on demoralisation on human capital of organisations, found
it resulted in psychopathological sequelae. Similarly studies in
embitterment in the work place have found to result in psychopathological
Embitterment post-traumatic stress disorder.
Work place related psychiatric pathology
impacts on organisational outcomes and among other issues also results
in poor retention and attraction of human capital. These affect
negatively, the important management need of good talent management
for increased production of goods and or services. This lead to
the initiation of The defined branch of Organisational Psychological
Medicine, which includes psychiatrists, with added qualifications
and experience in management and administration, who are interested
and involved in researching, studying the workplace related psychological
and psychiatric pathology.
This branch of psychological medicine’s
scope of practice expands from the diagnosis and management of workplace
related psychological disorders to added forte of preventive psychological
medicine and resilience and positive psychological medicine applied
to the human capital of organisations. These include population
health initiatives of developing programs that will enhance the
outcomes of human capital of organisations. Thus the discipline
benefits the bottom line of both, the individual and the organisation.